Considering buying a business? What size and type business is right for you?

Updated October 4, 2016

by William Bruce, President                                                                       American Business Brokers Association

Let’s assume that you’ve already done the soul searching about your future, considered the advantages of business ownership, and decided that you definitely want your own business.  You’re ready to proceed with all deliberate speed.  You’re probably asking yourself, “What’s next?”.

What Type Business Should I Buy

You may already have a pretty good idea.  If your family or some of your friends own a business, you probably have some familiarity with that type of business.  Is it the kind of business that you can see yourself operating?

What are your preferences on hours worked, management of employees, physical labor, and interaction with customers?  Do you prefer to stay in one place or would you rather be on the road in your new business?  Do you prefer to stay indoors or are you’re the outdoor type?  Are you a people person?  Are you service oriented?  Your preferences in these and other matters will give you some direction as to the category of business.

However, the decision really boils down to this question that you should ask yourself as you consider any type of business:  Can I see myself happily and successfully operating this particular business?  If the answer is “yes,” then that may the business for you – assuming, of course, that the company checks as you take a closer look in the steps that are explained in subsequent articles.

Some more words of advice:  Keep an open mind as you look at different businesses.  Don’t become so inflexible as to type of business that you would automatically rule out an excellent business for sale in your price range producing the income that you desire.

An interesting statistic from my business brokerage practice is that over half of my clients wind up buying a business in a category different from the one that they initially contacted me about.  So, stay flexible as to type with your eyes wide open for a jewel of a business of a type that you may not have considered.

What Size Business Can I Buy?

The answer to this question is dependent on the amount you have to invest.  Down payment requirements for buying a business range from approximately 20% to 50% of the purchase price of the business — with the average being about one-third.

For the sake of an example, let’s say you have $60,000 to invest in the purchase of a business.  I don’t advise my clients to use their total available investment as a down payment because they are going to need some of it as working capital in the new business.

The amount of working capital needed depends on the necessary monthly operating expenses of the business.  Let’s say the business you are buying has operating expenses of $5,000 per month which includes rent, insurance, utilities, payroll and the other items needed to keep the doors of the business open.  If you have determined that the business has good cash flow and there are no major problems, you could probably get by with one month’s expenses figured in as working capital.  However, to be safe, I usually recommend two months expenses held back for working capital.  In this example that would be, of course, $10,000.

After deducting the two months business operating expenses (working capital) from the available $60,000, we have $50,000 to offer as a down payment on a business.

Which brings us back to the question: What size business can I buy?

The answer is a matter of simple arithmetic.  With the $50,000 and the fact that some businesses can be bought with a 20% down payment, this would project a maximum price for a business of $250,000.  With the more likely one-third down payment, the maximum purchase would be $150,000.  So somewhere in this range of $150,000 to $250,000 is the acquisition cost of a business you can afford.

And from my experience as a business broker, there are lots of attractive businesses out there of this size that produce a very nice profit for their owners.

Your job is to find them!

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William Bruce is an Accredited Business Intermediary assisting business buyers and sellers in the transfer of ownership. He consults nationally with buyers and sellers on issues of valuation and transfer of ownership.  He currently serves as president of the American Business Brokers Association and may be reached at (251) 990-5934 or Will@WilliamBruce.org.

About William Bruce

President, American Business Brokers Association / Business Broker and Accredited Business Intermediary assisting business buyers and sellers with the transfer of ownership since 1986 / Author: How to Buy a Business.
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